Exodus 32:1-14 – The Golden Calf

This text tells a key story in the life of Moses and marks a key event in the journey of Israel to Canaan.  It is a story told from two perspectives – the bottom of Mount Sinai and the top; with two main human characters – Aaron and Moses; who have two responses to a […]

Amos 9:1-10

God shows Amos the final vision of His coming judgment.  Amos begins to proclaim his final words to the Israelites and assures them there is no hope of escaping what is coming for the sinners among the people. 1-4 This vision has very little introduction.  Amos does not say that God showed him something and […]

Amos 8:1-14

God shows Amos a fourth vision to illustrate the ultimate consequences of Israel’s sin.  As a result, Amos proclaims to Israel why judgment is coming and what it entails. 1-3 God shows Amos a basket of summer fruit and tells him it signifies that the end is near for Israel.  Just like in the third […]

Amos 7:7-17

Amos sees a third vision and has a verbal confrontation with the high priest of Bethel. 7-9 God shows Amos a third vision after the two visions of destruction.  Unlike the first two, this vision does not show the future but shows God’s reason for the coming judgment. Amos sees God standing by a wall […]

Amos 7:1-6

God shows Amos visions that graphically display the extent of His wrath against Israel.  The two visions in this text are notable for Amos’ reaction and intercession on behalf of the people.  Interestingly, this section of the book is as much about Amos as it is about Israel. Chapter 7 appears to mark a change […]

Amos 5:18-6:14

Amos continues his condemnation of Israel by pointing out the people’s ignorance of what is coming and their ignorance of their true standing before God. 5:18-20 This is the first mention of the day of the Lord in the Old Testament (chronologically speaking).  Apparently the people hold to a tradition that there is a coming […]

Amos 5:1-17

Amos ended his remarks in Chapter 4 with a hymn recounting the power of God.  He now switches to a dirge to describe the death that awaits Israel.  His hearers are likely jarred by the change in tone.  Amos begins to chant as if he is in a funeral procession mourning the death of a […]

Amos 4:4-13

Amos continues his condemnation of Israel.  He discusses their worship and reminds his listeners that God’s coming wrath is not without warning. 4-5 Bethel is the main place of worship.  It was set up by Jeroboam I soon after the kingdoms split.  It is one of two places – along with Dan – where Jeroboam […]

Amos 3:9-4:3

Amos begins to give more detail about Israel’s coming destruction as well as more detail about why they have earned God’s wrath.  He makes sure his listeners understand these are God’s words as he repeatedly tells them, “Thus says Yahweh,” or “Thus says Sovereign Yahweh.” 9-12 Amos calls for the wealthy residents (the wealthy are […]

Amos 3:1-2

Amos begins his second series of oracles.  Remember that the Israelites listening to Amos are likely shocked to hear they are in danger of judgment.  Times are good, they worship Yahweh as they have for almost two centuries, God’s blessing is clearly in their lives, and their behavior has been rationalized for so long that […]