I John 2:15-17

After encouraging his readers by listing the privileges they have in Christ, John now gives them the first direct exhortation of the letter.  Their sins are forgiven and they know God and they have overcome the evil one; consequently, they cannot and must not love the world.  He not only tells them they are not […]

I John 2:12-14

These verses are at first difficult to understand.  John addresses what looks to be three groups of people and commends/exhorts them for three different aspects of Christianity that are true of each.  He then repeats the process while slightly altering the commendations.  Why he does this at this point in the letter and who exactly […]

I John 2:7-11

In 2:3-11 John lists and discusses three tests of the faith that he says must be true of the believer.  The follower of Jesus will keep His commandments (3-5a); walk in the same manner as He walked (5b-6); and love other believers (7-11).  If these three things are not true about a person he cannot […]

I John 2:3-6

In 2:3-11, John lists and discusses three tests of the faith that he says must be true of the believer.  The follower of Jesus will keep His commandments (3-5a); walk in the same manner as He walked (5b-6); and love other believers (7-11).  If these three things are not true of him, a person cannot […]

I John 2:1-2

John completes the thought expressed in 1:5-10 and makes sure that what he wrote about confession and sin in 1:8-10 is not abused or misunderstood. 1 John’s tone changes in verse 1.  He addresses his readers as my little children.  John is likely an old man as he writes these words.  He is the teacher […]

I John 1:5-10

John discusses the first of two major themes about the nature of God – God is light.  John shows how this truth about God has ramifications for those who claim to be His. 5-7  John says the message we have heard from Him – the Word of Life (Christ) – is that God is light.  […]

I John 1:1-4

John explains the reason for his writing and begins to lay out his case for a true risen Messiah and what that means to those who follow Him.  He makes it clear that Jesus was a man in every sense of the word and not simply a spirit.  In this short text he also communicates […]

I John Introduction and Overview

First John is one of five books written by Jesus’ beloved disciple.  It is most likely written after the writing of the Gospel of John.  The purpose of the book seems to be twofold – to refute heresy that has arisen in churches John ministered to and to reassure believers by giving them tests by […]